The company is making a slow turn from older, shrinking businesses such as building and maintaining technology on customers' premises to newer, growing operations such as cloud computing and its Watson artificial intelligence offerings. In conference calls, IBM has characterized these deals as just another way to cash in on its investments in intellectual property, but many analysts consider them one-time transactions.
Valuation Considerations—Earnings Quality and Accruals
Another example: low effective tax rates driven by foreign credits and other advantages. They continued to decline in the second quarter, though not as steeply, as IBM shifted more software sales to higher-margin cloud computing, focused its service offerings and slimmed its workforce. Some analysts expect further erosion but also further moderation. Economic Calendar Tax Withholding Calculator.
What is Quality of Earnings?
Retirement Planner. Many real-world examples will be analyzed, including using Excel tools that will be provided to the students.
The primary objective of the course is to acquire a deep understanding of accounting information and how to intelligently use it in making investment, credit, and similar resource allocation decisions. Such knowledge is required of executives, consultants, bankers, analysts, investment managers, and other users of financial information.
IBM revenue, earnings quality will be in focus - MarketWatch
The topics he Due to non-linear transaction costs, the financial performance of a trading strategy decreases with portfolio size. Using a dynamic trading model a la Garleanu and Pedersen , we derive closed-form formulas for the performance-to-scale frontier reached by a trader endowed with a signal predicting stock returns.
- earnings quality;
- The Best Things in Life: A Guide to What Really Matters (Philosophy in Action).
- What is the quality of earnings in accounting? - Accounting Question and Answer (Q&A).
- Language, Music, and Computing: First International Workshop, LMAC 2015, St. Petersburg, Russia, April 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers.
- Equivalence and Duality for Module Categories with Tilting and Cotilting for Rings.
- 1. INTRODUCTION.
- A Break in Time - Death in the Sandwich Islands;
The decay with scale of the realized Sharpe ratio is slower for strategies that 1 trade more liquid stocks 2 are based on signals that do not fade away quickly and 3 have strong frictionless performance. We apply the framework to four well-known strategies. Because stocks have become more liquid, the capacity of strategies has increased in the s compared to the s.
This note investigates the causes of the quality anomaly, which is one of the strongest and most scalable anomalies in equity markets. We explore two potential explanations.
This view is consistent with the Efficient Market Hypothesis. In this paper we consider the question of how to improve the efficacy of strategies designed to capture factor premiums in equity markets and, in particular, from the value, quality, low risk and momentum factors. We consider a number of portfolio construction approaches designed to capture factor premiums with the appropriate levels of risk controls aiming at increasing information ratios. We show that information ratios can be increased by targeting constant volatility over time, hedging market beta and hedging exposures to the size factor, i.
With regards to the neutralization of sector exposures, we find this to be of importance in particular for the value and low risk factors.
Accounting Valuation: Is Earnings Quality an Issue?
Finally, we look at the added value of shorting stocks in factor strategies. We find that with few exceptions the contributions to performance from the short leg are inferior to those from the long leg. Thus, long-only strategies can be efficient alternatives to capture these factor premiums. Finally, we find that factor premiums tend to have fatter tails than what could be expected from a Gaussian distribution of returns, but that skewness is not significantly negative in most cases. Hedging equity portfolios against the risk of large drawdowns is notoriously difficult and expensive.
Long gold and long credit protection portfolios appear to sit between puts and bonds in terms of both cost and reliability. In contrast to these passive investments, we investigate two dynamic strategies that appear to have generated positive performance in both the long-run but also particularly during historical crises: futures time-series momentum and quality stock factors.
Futures momentum has parallels with long option straddle strategies, allowing it to benefit during extended equity sell-offs. These two dynamic strategies historically have uncorrelated return profiles, making them complementary crisis risk hedges.
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